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Saturday, February 11, 2017

HEBREWS 3:1

"Therefore, holy brethren, partakers of a heavenly calling,
consider Jesus, the Apostle and High Priest of our confession..."

"Partakers"


The word "partakers" Barnes says means partakers of the Holy Spirit.  Barnes also says in his commentary that it is the same as used in Luke 5:7 referring to fishing buddies.  From the highest to the most common, the same group from which Jesus chose His disciples, His fishing buddies to fish for men.  Scofield interprets to mean "companion.


"Consider"

Consider: John Trapp says in his commentary, "Bend your minds with the utmost diligence upon him."  Barnes says,  "Whence, that is, seeing we have such a sympathizing Helper you ought to consider, attentively , contemplate, fix your eyes and mind on Him."  Alexander MacLaren says, "consider" is the same word Jesus used when He said consider the ravens and the lilies.  Also has a meaning of compare..."There must be no languid look, as between half-opened eyelids as men look upon some object in which they have little interest, but there must be the sharpened gaze of interested expectancy, believing that in Him on whom we look there lie yet undiscovered depths and yet undreamed of powers, which may be communicated to us."
 



In the "Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament"  says,
"Ponder upon the undertaking of the Son of God: for if you consider Him in His person and offices you will firmly adhere to Him and His most excellent religion, without entanglements of Judaism, Jesus Christ is all in all unto His Church, the king, priest, prophet, and apostles all in one."

"Jesus"

"Jesus is the same as Joshua (Hebrews 4:8) and Joshua is a contraction for Jah Oeah, the former of which signifies God, and the latter Saviour.  This name was given by God to Hoseah (Joshua), the son of Nun, who as a type of Christ led the Israelites into the land of Canaan: and the giving of this name to the Virgin's Son may be justly considered as an accomplishment of that Prophecy which said He should be called Emmanuel, God with us: Its import therefore is, Divine Saviour."
(Charles Simeon)
Remember that this is the letter to the Hebrews, encouraging them not to go back to Judaism,
but to hold on to Jesus.  Many thing we might overlook held very clear meaning to those who were Hebrew.

Apostle and High Priest.

This passage is to make clear that Jesus has fulfilled both these positions.  John Wesley succinctly put it, "Consider the apostle--The messenger of God, who pleads the cause of God with us; and high priest--Who pleads our cause with God.  Both are contained in the one word, Mediator...Both these offices, which Moses and Aaron severally bore, He bears together."


Adam Clarke says, "When Moses was removed, the prophets succeeded him; and the sons of Aaron were the priests after the death of their father.  This system is now annulled; and Jesus is the Prophet who declares the Father's will, and he is the Priest who ministers in the things pertaining to God, as He makes atonement for the sins of the people, and is the Mediator between God and man."


Thinking of a high priest, the Sermon Bible Commentary, "The man who stands then in the sanctuary, arrayed in his gorgeous robes...the High Priest on the day of atonement had to enter into the most holy place with the blood of sprinkling, and afterwards to confess the sins and iniquities of the people over the head of a living goat."


Now, consider Jesus, our High Priest.  Remember Him standing before the Council, before the Jewish High Priest, silent like a lamb led to the slaughter.  The Jewish High Priest was complicit in His crucifixion.  He was without fancy robes nailed naked to a cross. Jesus was led out of the city like the goat upon whom the iniquities of the people were laid.  What a divine juxtaposition of High Priests!  When He died, the temple's curtain into the Holy of Holies was ripped in two from the top down.

So here we have dissected the first verse of Hebrews 3.  What does it mean to us non-Jews, we Gentiles?  It means we don't have to be born Jewish to belong.  Because Jesus is our High Priest, we are invited in as His holy brethren, His "fishing buddies."  We are invited into the Holy of Holies because He is our High Priest "who ever liveth to make intercession for us."



Today our son will be officially invited in to join the 72nd New York Union Troops in their Civil War Re-Enactment unit.  He is in full uniform and has his chest puffed out ready to march in the History Days Parade.  He doesn't have to actually be from New York.  He doesn't actually have to have lived in the Civil War period.  The blood has already been shed.  It is open to him now.  He will be accepted.  Yeah, it's just a wee bit like that.  Consider Jesus.  Attention! Salute.












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